• Wheelchair-Basketball
    A Few Key Points For Wheelchair Basketball

    Those who have mobility issues can play basketball with wheelchairs. The sport of wheelchair basketball has been around in varying forms since the 1940s when it was introduced for veterans who were returned from war and had been disabled at the time. While this sport is popular for those who are disabled, several points have to be used in order to make a wheelchair basketball game work as well as it can. These are to allow the game to be controlled properly. The Chairs Must Be Light and Curved The chairs to be used in this game have to be adjusted to where they are light in weight. They have to include slanted wheels that move inward towards the player. These are to allow the player to turn and move quickly while on the court. This design is also to keep players upright and to keep them from slipping and falling over. It enhances the stability of the seats being used. In addition, a chair has to be rather light in weight. The average weight of a wheelchair for basketball use will vary based on the size of the person who is using the unit but it will typically be half as heavy as what one normally uses in everyday life. The chair must especially be light enough so it will not put anyone at risk of being hurt in the event that it falls over at any time. How High Is the Net? While a typical match will entail a ten foot net just like in traditional basketball, this may be adjusted upon the discretion of the teams who are competing. This is especially for those who have mobility issues that might keep them from completing typical shots at a standard net. The two sides will have to determine if the net can be lowered and they must agree upon a specific range in order to make it work properly. What is Traveling? The definition of traveling in wheelchair basketball is very different from what is used in a traditional game. In wheelchair basketball, traveling occurs when a person with the ball touches the wheels three or more times while dribbling the ball or after taking in the ball. If a person has touched one’s wheels twice then that player has to shoot, bounce or pass the ball before touching the wheels again. The player will lose possession of the ball if the rule is broken. Can Mixed Teams Compete? Non-disabled players can compete with other disabled players on wheelchair teams in some leagues. However, these non-disabled players must use the same chairs as anyone else and must follow by the same rules. Also, teams typically have to hold the same number of non-disabled players in order to make the game work with a sense of fairness in mind. The standards will vary by each playing organization and should be checked before adding any of these players into a game. Wheelchair basketball is a very popular sport for the

  • Sled-Hockey
    A Few Interesting Aspects About Sled Hockey

    Sled hockey, or sledge hockey as some places call it, has been a popular sport among those who are physically disabled. People will move around the ice on sleds and compete in standard hockey matches. It is a sport that has gained international recognition and has been a part of the Winter Paralympics since 1994. In fact, this Paralympic sport has become a co-ed match with women competing alongside men in the same games. While standard ice hockey rule will apply to sled hockey, there are a few points about this sport that have to be addressed. These are designed to make the game more accessible. The Ice Surface Is Flush The ice surface has to be built flush to the benches and penalty boxes. That is, there is no step that goes from the ice to these spaces. This is to done to ensure that players will not need assistance in order to get in and out of the playing field. This is important as players will have to use such a surface in order to get into the game as penalties can end during play and line changes are always being made during such a match. On a related note, the surface inside the boxes and benches has to be made with ice or plastic. This is to keep the blades on the sleds from being damaged. Plenty of space has to be made on the inside to ensure that there is enough room for players to come into the bench and for others to go out when a line changes or when an injury replacement is required. Much of this organization is based on the team’s discretion as the game goes along. Sticks Have Teeth The sticks used in sled hockey are typically curved in the same manner as what is used in traditional hockey. However, they also have some teeth on them. A sled will have about six metal teeth on the opposite end of the blade. These teeth will grip to the ice surface to help proper the sled so the player can move around the ice. These teeth must be less than one centimeter in length in order to keep the ice surface from being harmed and to keep players from being injured by accidental contact with these items. What About the Size of the Rink? The ice rink can be the same size as a standard professional hockey rink. Most sled hockey rules were adapted from Canadian hockey rules and therefore will use the same hockey rink sizes that are traditionally used in other forms of hockey. Teeing is Illegal Teeing is a penalty where an opponent is charged upon with a part of the front area of the sled. If a person is charged with this then that player will have to serve a two minute penalty. Sled hockey is a noteworthy sport when all of these points are considered. The adjustments that have to be made for those who will play

  • Abbott, Jim
    Many Players With Disabilities Have Made It To the MLB

    The amazing thing about the sport of baseball is that it is not too hard for people with disabilities to adapt to it. In fact, several people who have had physical disabilities have made it into Major League Baseball, the world’s highest level of competition. Here’s some of these players worth exploring. One Arm? No Problem When many MLB players were out fighting in war in the 1940s, many others from outside the sport had to pitch in. Pete Gray is one of the most notable for having one arm. His right arm was mostly amputated from an accident as a child, thus prompting him to hold a baseball bat with one arm while swinging. He had a .218 batting average for the 1945 St. Louis Browns, thus making him a huge inspiration for those who were coming home with disabilities following the war. One Hand? Not a Problem Either Having only one hand would be a real problem for a pitcher as it would force the pitcher to have to use some strong controls when playing. That is, the player would have to keep one’s glove on the space where a hand is missing and might even have to switch the glove from one hand to the next while in play solely to keep traction in the event of a pop fly or line drive. This is a challenge but Jim Abbott had a ten-year career with the California Angels in the 1980s and 1990s in spite of being born without one hand. He had 87 wins and one no-hitter during that time. Today he continues to talk about his experience in the game to the public and has become a revered figure among fans in Anaheim. The same can be said for Chicago Cubs legend Mordecai Brown. After losing two fingers on one hand as a child, he adapted this in his baseball routine by resting the ball on the stump where his index finger was. This helped Three Finger Brown to win more than 200 games in his career and to bring the Cubs to a 1908 World Series title. Simply put, a man who was missing part of his hand did something that thousands of other Cubs players haven’t done since. Deaf Players Have Made It Through As Well Several deaf players have also gotten into the MLB. While there is a strong need to focus on hand signals when playing and to keep one’s eyes on the ball, deaf players can compete in baseball. Whether it be Ed Dundon, who became an umpire in the nineteenth century after retiring from the game, William “Dummy” Hoy, who had more than two thousand hits around the turn of the century or eleven-year MLB veteran and current Gallaudet University baseball coach Curtis Pride, many deaf players have been found in baseball’s illustrious history. The One-Legged Pitcher In 1945, Bert Shephard pitched a game for the Washington Senators. Shepard lost his right leg after being shot down in combat


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